Outside of France Britain and America, there were a number of notable early pioneers in Europe and further afield. Many of these pioneers worked in isolation, away from the centres of aviation activity, adapting ideas they learnt from published material.
It is well recognised that the First World War stimulated rapid aeroplane development. Prior to the war, it was publishers, writers and sponsors who stimulated the aspirations of aviation pioneers to achieve success beyond most people's expectations.
Pigs Might Fly: Early International Aviators
Henri & Armand Dufaux
Lord Northcliffe (Daily Mail)
James Gordon Bennett